ESC
Clarivate

 
Source: Journal Citation ReportsTM from ClarivateTM 2022

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2022-05-12  |  Accepted: 2022-07-15  |  Published: 2022-09-30

Title

Determinants of the tennis players' success and their effect on the sports organizations' sustainability


Abstract

The article aims to reveal whether the number of tournaments in different categories, GDP, and the average wage impact athletes' success. GDP and average wage are viewed as the factors influencing the financial support of athletes. It allows the players to participate in the tournaments in their home country, increasing the chances of achieving better results. On the other hand, a high average wage can change athletes' decisions to pursue university studies. The main research question is: Which of the selected factors affect the success of juniors, men, and women playing tennis professionally? This was studied on the sample starting with fifty European countries (geographically assigned in this international research perspective). The relationship was corroborated between the number of tournaments organized in the country and the number of athletes from the country in the TOP 100 rankings. The article builds on the previous research works conducted worldwide, focusing on other relevant factors and their effect on the success of professional tennis players. The empirical research focuses on economic factors playing a pivotal role in tennis associations' operation and economic sustainability and other entities involved. Econometric regression modeling was applied to the panel data as a quantitative method to justify the relationships among the variables studied.


Keywords

sport, tennis, tournaments, average wage, GDP


JEL classifications

Z22 , Z28 , D02


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/988


DOI


Pages

132-157


Funding

The authors gratefully acknowledge the contribution of the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the project Sustainability strategy of a sports organization in the conditions of the Slovak Republic, APVV-20-0481

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Varmus, Michal
University of Žilina, Žilina, Slovakia https://www.uniza.sk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Mičiak, Martin
University of Žilina, Žilina, Slovakia https://www.uniza.sk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Kubina, Milan
University of Žilina, Žilina, Slovakia https://www.uniza.sk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Adámik, Roman
University of Žilina, Žilina, Slovakia https://www.uniza.sk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

10


Number

1


Issue date

September 2022


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 1289  |  PDF downloads: 515

References


Baade, R. A., Baumann, R. W. & Matheson, V. A. (2011). Big men on campus: Estimating the economic impact of college sports on local economies. Regional Studies, 45 (3), 371–80. http://doi.org/10.1080/00343400903241519

Search via ReFindit


Bane, M.K., Reid, M. & Morgan, S. (2014). Has player development in men’s tennis really changed? An his-torical rankings perspective. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32 (15), 1477–84. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.899706

Search via ReFindit


Barbu, M.C.R., Popescu, M.C., Burcea, G.B., Costin, D.E., Popa, M.G., Pasarin, L.D. & Turcu, I. (2022). Sustainability and Social Responsibility of Romanian Sport Organizations. Sustainability, 14 (2), http://doi.org/10.3390/su14020643

Search via ReFindit


Brenner, J. S., Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. (2007). Overuse injuries, overtraining, and burnout in child and adolescent athletes. Pediatrics, 119 (6), 1242–45. http://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2007-0887

Search via ReFindit


Brenner, J. S., Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. (2016). Sports specialization and intensive training in young athletes. Pediatrics, 138 (3), 154–57. http://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2016-2148

Search via ReFindit


Bridges, B. (2012). A bid too far: Hong Kong and the 2023 Asian Games. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 29 (4), 652–65. http://doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2012.658195

Search via ReFindit


Brouwers, J., Sotiriadou, P. & De Bosscher, V. (2012). An examination of the importance of performances in youth and junior competition as an indicator of later success in tennis. Sport Management Review, 15 (4), 454–77. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2012.05.002

Search via ReFindit


Bruner, M. W., Macdonald, D. J., Pickett, W. & Côté, J. (2011). Examination of birthplace and birthdate in World Junior ice hockey players. Journal of sports sciences, 29 (12), 1337–44. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.597419

Search via ReFindit


Chris, C. (2008). Factors influencing big 12 conference college basketball male student-athletes’ selection of a university. PhD Dissertation, The University of Texas, El Paso

Search via ReFindit


Crespo, M., Miley, D. & Couraud, F. (2001). An overall vision of player development. In Tennis Player Development. Edited by Miguel Crespo, Machar Reid, Dave Miley. London, United Kingdom: ITF Ltd., pp. 13–18

Search via ReFindit


De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P. & Heyndels, B. (2003). Comparing tennis success among countries. International Sports Studies, 25 (1), 49–68. Retrieved May 10, 2022 from URL https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Veerle-Bosscher/publication/239844205_Comparing_Tennis_Success_Among_Countries/links/59f18211a6fdcc1dc7b9072e/Comparing-Tennis-Success-Among-Countries.pdf

Search via ReFindit


Erben, N. (2003). Sports practice, health, and macroeconomic performances: An endogenous growth model. Journal of Sports Economics, 4 (2), 126–44. http://doi.org/10.1177/1527002503004002003

Search via ReFindit


Feldman, B. (2007). Meat market: Inside the smash-mouth world of college football recruiting. New York, New York: ESPN Books, 320 p. ISBN: 9781933060392

Search via ReFindit


Filipcic, A., Panjan, A., Reid, M., Crespo, M. & Sarabon, N. (2013). Tournament structure and success of players based on location in men’s professional tennis. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12 (2), 354–61. Retrieved May 20, 2022 from URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3761828/

Search via ReFindit


Foer, F. (2006). How governments nurture soccer. The New Republic. Retrieved February 14, 2021, from https://newrepublic.com/article/65485/how-governments-nurture-soccer

Search via ReFindit


Frey, B. S. (1988). Ipsative and objective limits to human behavior. Journal of Behavioral Economics, 17 (4), 229–48. 90012-5 http://doi.org/10.1016/0090-5720(88)

Search via ReFindit


Galenson, D. W. (1993). The impact of economic and technological change on the careers of American men tennis players, 1960-1991. Journal of Sport History, 20 (2), 127–50. Retrieved April 4, 2022 from URL https://www.jstor.org/stable/43609929

Search via ReFindit


Gayle, B. (2009). Virtual apprentice: Professional athlete. New York, New York: Ferguson Publishing Company. 64 p. ISBN: 9780816067596

Search via ReFindit


Goss, B. D., Jubenville, C. B. & Orejan, J. (2006). An examination of influences and factors on the institutional selection processes of freshman student-athletes at small colleges and universities. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 16 (2), 105–34. http://doi.org/10.1300/J050v16n02_05

Search via ReFindit


Gough, Ch. (2020). Highest paid athletes by earnings from salary and endorsements worldwide in 2019/20. Statista. Retrieved February 14, 2021, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/250295/highest-paid-athletes-worldwide

Search via ReFindit


Guillaume, M., Len, S., Tafflet, M., Quinquis, L., Bernard, M., Schaal, K., Nassif, H., Desgorces, F. D. & Toussaint, J. F. (2011). Success and decline: Top 10 tennis players follow a biphasic course. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 (11), 2148–54. http://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31821eb533

Search via ReFindit


Hancock, D. J., Coutinho, P., Côté, J. & Mesquita, I. (2017). Influences of population size and density on birthplace effects. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36 (1), 33–8. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1276614

Search via ReFindit


Imtiaz, F., Hancock, D. J., Vierimaa, M. & Côté, J. (2014). Place of development and dropout in youth ice hockey. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 12 (3), 234–44. http://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2014.880262

Search via ReFindit


International Tennis Federation – ITF. (2021). ITF Rules and Regulations, pp. 1–105. Retrieved March 15, 2021, from https://www.itftennis.com/media/4471/2021-itf-world-tennis-tour-juniors-regulations.pdf

Search via ReFindit


ITF. (2021). International tennis federation – World tennis tour junior rankings. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from https://www.itftennis.com/en/rankings/world-tennis-tour-junior-rankings/

Search via ReFindit


Jovanovic, B.K., Smrdu, M., Holnthaner, R. & Kajtna, T. (2022). Elite Sport and Sustainable Psychological Well-Being. Sustainability, 14 (5), http://doi.org/10.3390/su14052705

Search via ReFindit


Kovalchik, S. A., Bane, M. K. & Reid, M. (2017). Getting to the top: An analysis of 25 years of career rankings trajectories for professional women’s tennis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35 (19), 1904–10. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1241419

Search via ReFindit


LaPrade, R. F., Agel, J., Baker, J., Brenner, J. S., Cordasco, F. A., Côté, J., Engebretsen, L., Feeley, B. T., Gould, D., Hainline, B., Hewett, T., Jayanthi, N., Kocher, M. S., Myer, G. D., Nissen, C. W., Philippon, M. J. & Provencher, M. T. (2016). AOSSM early sport specialization consensus statement. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine, 4 (4), 1–8. http://doi.org/10.1177/2325967116644241

Search via ReFindit


Leeds, M. A. & Leeds, E. M. (2009). International soccer success and national institutions. Journal of Sports Eco-nomics, 10 (4), 369–90. http://doi.org/10.1177/1527002508329864

Search via ReFindit


Lesch, L., Kerwin, S., Thormann, T.F. & Wicker, P. (2022). Critical Masses and Gender Diversity in Voluntary Sport Leadership: The Role of Economic and Social State-Level Factors. Sustainability, 14 (10). http://doi.org/10.3390/su14106208

Search via ReFindit


Magnusen, M. J., Kim, T., Perrewé, P. L. & Ferris, G. R. (2014). A critical review and synthesis of student-athlete college choice factors: Recruiting effectiveness in NCAA sports. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 9 (6), 1265–86. http://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.6.1265

Search via ReFindit


Moon, P., Bayle, E. & Francois, A. (2022). Assessing International Sport Federations' Sustainability Practices: Toward Integrating Sustainability in Their Main Sports Events. Frontiers in sports and active living, 3. http://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.752085

Search via ReFindit


Orlan, M. & Ohl, F. (2018). Social class, the elite hockey player career, and educational paths. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 54 (8), 899–920. http://doi.org/10.1177/1012690218765759

Search via ReFindit


Park, S., Lavallee, D. & Tod, D. (2013). Athletes’ career transition out of sport: A systematic review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6 (1), 22–53. http://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2012.687053

Search via ReFindit


Pauline, J., Pauline, G. & Allen, C. (2008). Factors influencing college selection by NCAA Division I, II, and III softball student-athletes. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 2 (3), 363–78. http://doi.org/10.1179/ssa.2008.2.3.363

Search via ReFindit


Post, E., Green, N. E., Schaefer, D. A., Trigsted, S., Brooks, M. A., McGuined, T. M., Watson, A. M. & Bell, D. R. (2018). Socioeconomic status of parents with children participating on youth club sport teams. Physical Therapy in Sport, 32, 126–32. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.05.014

Search via ReFindit


Rank tennis. (2021). Data from official websites of ATP/WTA. Retrieved September 10, 2021, from https://www.rank-tennis.com/en/home

Search via ReFindit


Reid, M. & Morris, C. (2011). Ranking benchmarks of top 100 players in men’s professional tennis. European Journal of Sport Science, 13 (4), 350–55. http://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.608812

Search via ReFindit


Reid, M., Crespo, M. & Santilli, L. (2009). Importance of the ITF junior girls’ circuit in the development of women professional tennis players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 (13), 1443–48. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903037714

Search via ReFindit


Reid, M., Crespo, M., Atienza, F. & Dimmock, J. (2007). Tournament structure and nations’ success in women’s professional tennis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (11), 1221–28. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640410600982691

Search via ReFindit


Reid, M., Crespo, M., Santilli, L., Miley, D. & Dimmock, J. (2007). The ITF junior boys’ circuit and its role in professional player development. Coaching and Sport Science Review, 25 (6), 667–72. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640410600811932

Search via ReFindit


Reid, M., Morgan, S., Churchill, T. & Bane, M. K. (2014). Rankings in professional men’s tennis: A rich but underutilized source of information. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32 (10), 986–92. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.876086

Search via ReFindit


Rossing, N. N., Nielsen, A. B., Elbe, A-M. & Karbing. D. S. (2016). The role of community in the development of elite handball and football players in Denmark. European Journal of Sport Science, 16 (2), 237–45. http://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2015.1009492

Search via ReFindit


Rossing, N. N., Stentoft, D., Flattum, A., Côté, J. & Karbing, D. S. (2018). Influence of population size, density, and proximity to talent clubs on the likelihood of becoming elite youth athlete. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 28 (3), 1304–13. http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13009

Search via ReFindit


Schmidt, S. L., Torgler, B. & Jung, V. (2016). Perceived trade-off between education and sports career: Evidence from professional football. Applied Economics, 49 (29), 2829–50. http://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2016.1248357

Search via ReFindit


Shuttleworth, J. & Wan‐Ka, Ch. (1998). Youth sport education and development in Hong Kong – A conflict model social impact assessment. Sport, Education and Society, 3 (1), 37–58. http://doi.org/10.1080/1357332980030103

Search via ReFindit


Storm, R. K., Thomsen, F., Jakobsen & T. G. (2017). Do they make a difference? Professional team sports clubs’ effects on migration and local growth: Evidence from Denmark. Sport Management Review, 20 (3), 285–95. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2016.09.003

Search via ReFindit


Tsekouropoulos, G., Gkouna, O., Theocharis, D. & Gounas, A. (2022). Innovative Sustainable Tourism Development and Entrepreneurship through Sports Events. Sustainability, 14 (8), http://doi.org/10.3390/su14084379

Search via ReFindit


Turnnidge, J., Hancock, D. J. & Côté, J. (2014). The influence of birth date and place of development on youth sport participation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sport, 24 (2), 461–68. http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12002

Search via ReFindit


UNECE. (2021). United Nations Economic Commission for Europe – Gross Average Monthly Wages by Country and Year. Retrieved September 15, 2021, from http://w3.unece.org/PXWeb2015/pxweb/en/STAT/STAT__20-ME__3MELF/60_en_MECCWagesY_r.px/?rxid=a9fa5e81-549d-4198-845f-02d7eee8a67b

Search via ReFindit


World Bank. (2021). Open data. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from https://data.worldbank.org/

Search via ReFindit


Zheng, J. (2015). Hong Kong. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 8 (2), 321–38. http://doi.org/10.1080/19406940.2015.1031813

Search via ReFindit