ESC
Clarivate

 
Source: Journal Citation ReportsTM from ClarivateTM 2022

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2022-05-18  |  Accepted: 2022-07-14  |  Published: 2022-09-30

Title

Investigation of startups’ sustainability: empirical evidence from Saudi Arabia


Abstract

Despite many government attempts, it is still unclear how individual startups grow and promote their sustainability-oriented market innovations and alter markets toward sustainable growth in Saudi Arabia. This research aims to uncover the factors that contribute to a startup's long-term viability and establish interrelationships among them. A two-phased method was used in this study. Empirical research on startups' sustainability was undertaken in the first phase to identify the most critical enablers from a list of factors found after a thorough literature review. A hierarchy-based model is built among the most critical enablers in the second phase, utilizing interpretative structural modeling (ISM). The study discovers that: (1) there are ten factors influencing entrepreneurial startups' sustainability that play different hierarchical roles; (2) the startup product/service & market position, as a key influencing factor of entrepreneurial startups' sustainability, can be cultivated and improved by enriched startup partnerships & resources, industrial and market; and (3) regulatory & political may indirectly affect startups' sustainability by affecting the entrepreneurial environment. Policymakers in Saudi Arabia might utilize the methodology described in this paper to design appropriate policies for enhancing startup sustainability.


Keywords

entrepreneurship, sustainability, enablers, multi-criteria decision making, interpretative structural modeling (ISM), startups, Saudi Arabia


JEL classifications

M13


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/987


DOI


Pages

107-131


Funding


This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Alqahtani, Ammar Y.
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia https://csc.kau.edu.sa
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

10


Number

1


Issue date

September 2022


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 1224  |  PDF downloads: 596

References


Abdulghaffar, N. A., & Akkad, G. S. (2021). Internal and external barriers to entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Digest of Middle East Studies, 30(2), 116-134. https://doi.org/10.1111/dome.12231

Search via ReFindit


Acs, Z. (2006). How is entrepreneurship good for economic growth? Innovations: technology, Governance, Globalization, 1(1), 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1162/itgg.2006.1.1.97

Search via ReFindit


Acs, Z. J. (1999). The new American evolution. Are small firms important? Their role and impact (pp. 1-20). Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5173-7_1

Search via ReFindit


Acs, Z. J., Autio, E., & Szerb, L. (2014). National systems of entrepreneurship: Measurement issues and policy implications. Research Policy, 43(3), 476-494. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2013.08.016

Search via ReFindit


Acs, Z. J., Desai, S., & Hessels, J. (2008). Entrepreneurship, economic development and institutions. Small Business Economics, 31(3), 219-234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-008-9135-9

Search via ReFindit


Al-Ghamri, N. S. (2016). Challenges Facing Businesswomen and Their Negative Impact on the Performance of Small Businesses in the Province of Jeddah in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Business and Management, 11(9), 96. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v11n9p96

Search via ReFindit


Al-Tit, A., Omri, A., & Euchi, J. (2019). Critical success factors of small and medium-sized enterprises in Saudi Arabia: Insights from sustainability perspective. Administrative Sciences, 9, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9020032

Search via ReFindit


Alammari, K., Newbery, R., Haddoud, M. Y., & Beaumont, E. (2019). Post-materialistic values and entrepreneurial intention-The case of Saudi Arabia. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 26, 158-179. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-12-2017-0386

Search via ReFindit


Alemany, L. (2006). Venture Capital in Spain: Evolution, characterisation and economic impact analysis. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 6(4-5), 412-428. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEIM.2006.010374

Search via ReFindit


Alexy, O. T., Block, J. H., Sandner, P., & Ter Wal, A. L. (2012). Social capital of venture capitalists and startup funding. Small Business Economics, 39(4), 835-851. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-011-9337-4

Search via ReFindit


Alkhaled, S., & Berglund, K. (2018). 'And now I'm free': Women's empowerment and emancipation through entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia and Sweden. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 30, 877-900. https://doi.org/10.1080/08985626.2018.1500645

Search via ReFindit


Almahdi, H. K. (2020). Assessing government intervention towards the development of entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 23(3), 1-12

Search via ReFindit


Almodóvar, P., & Rugman, A. M. (2014). The MC urve and the Performance of S panish International New Ventures. British Journal of Management, 25, S6-S23. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.12022

Search via ReFindit


Alnemer, H. A. (2021). Predicting startup intention among the females of Saudi Arabia using social cognitive theory. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development.

Search via ReFindit


Alon, T., Berger, D., Dent, R., & Pugsley, B. (2018). Older and slower: The startup deficit's lasting effects on aggregate productivity growth. Journal of Monetary Economics, 93, 68-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmoneco.2017.10.004

Search via ReFindit


Alonso-Nuez, M. J., & Galve-Górriz, C. (2012). The Impact Of Public Programs On The Survival And Profits Of Startups: Evidence From A Region of Spain. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 17(02), 1250010. https://doi.org/10.1142/S1084946712500100

Search via ReFindit


Aloulou, W. J., & Al-Othman, N. (2021). Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. In Entrepreneurship In The Gulf Cooperation Council Region: Evolution and Future Perspectives (pp. 111-145). https://doi.org/10.1142/9781786348081_0006

Search via ReFindit


Alsos, G. A., Isaksen, E. J., & Ljunggren, E. (2006). New venture financing and subsequent business growth in men-and women-led businesses. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 30(5), 667-686. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2006.00141.x

Search via ReFindit


Amankwah-Amoah, J. (2016). An integrative process model of organisational failure. Journal of Business Research, 69(9), 3388-3397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.02.005

Search via ReFindit


Amankwah‐Amoah, J., Khan, Z., Ifere, S. E., Nyuur, R. B., & Khan, H. (2021). Entrepreneurs' Learning from Business Failures: An Emerging Market Perspective. British Journal of Management. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.12557

Search via ReFindit


Anglin, A. H., McKenny, A. F., & Short, J. C. (2018). The impact of collective optimism on new venture creation and growth: A social contagion perspective. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 42(3), 390-425. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12256

Search via ReFindit


Anshika, A., & Singla, A. (2022). Financial literacy of entrepreneurs: a systematic review. Managerial Finance. https://doi.org/10.1108/MF-06-2021-0260

Search via ReFindit


Arend, R. J. (2003). Revisiting the logical and research considerations of competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 24(3), 279-284. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.285

Search via ReFindit


Argenti, J. (1976), Corporate Collapse: The Causes and Symptoms, McGraw-Hill, London.

Search via ReFindit


Ashri, M. Osama. (2019). On The Fast Track: Saudi Arabia's Entrepreneurship Ecosystem. Entrepreneur Middle East. https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/336766

Search via ReFindit


Aspelund, A., Madsen, T. K., & Moen, Ø. (2007). A review of the foundation, international marketing strategies, and performance of international new ventures. European Journal of Marketing. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090560710821242

Search via ReFindit


Balboni, B., Bortoluzzi, G., Pugliese, R., & Tracogna, A. (2019). Business model evolution, contextual ambidexterity and the growth performance of high-tech startups. Journal of Business Research, 99, 115-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.02.029

Search via ReFindit


Bampoky, C., Blanco, L., Liu, A. and Prieger, J. (2013). Economic Growth and the Optimal Level of Entrepreneurship. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2295612

Search via ReFindit


Banha, F. M., Almeida, M. H., Rebelo, E. L., & Ramos, A. O. (2017). The main barriers of Portuguese entrepreneurship ecosystem: Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) approach. Tourism & Management Studies, 13(2), 60-70. https://doi.org/10.18089/tms.2017.13206

Search via ReFindit


Barba-Sánchez, V., & Martínez-Ruiz, M. D. P. (2009). A longitudinal study to assess the most influential entrepreneurial features on a new firm's growth. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 22(3), 253-266. https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2009.10593454

Search via ReFindit


Bastida, M., Vaquero García, A., & Vázquez Taín, M. Á. (2021). Social economy, sustainable entrepreneurship and regional policy drivers. Territory, Politics, Governance, 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1080/21622671.2021.1967778

Search via ReFindit


Batjargal, B., Hitt, M. A., Tsui, A. S., Arregle, J. L., Webb, J. W., & Miller, T. L. (2013). Institutional polycentrism, entrepreneurs' social networks, and new venture growth. Academy of Management Journal, 56(4), 1024-1049. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2010.0095

Search via ReFindit


Baum, J. R., & Locke, E. A. (2004). The relationship of entrepreneurial traits, skill, and motivation to subsequent venture growth. Journal of applied Psychology, 89(4), 587. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.89.4.587

Search via ReFindit


Bellavitis, C., Filatotchev, I., & Kamuriwo, D. S. (2014). The effects of intra‐industry and extra‐industry networks on performance: A case of venture capital portfolio firms. Managerial and Decision Economics, 35(2), 129-144. https://doi.org/10.1002/mde.2647

Search via ReFindit


Blesa, A., Monferrer, D., Nauwelaerts, Y., & Ripollés, M. (2008). The effect of early international commitment on international positional advantages in Spanish and Belgian international new ventures. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 6(4), 168-187. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-008-0026-6

Search via ReFindit


Bosma, N., Hill, S., Ionescu-Somers, A., Kelley, D., Guerrero, M., & Schott, T. (2021). Global entrepreneurship monitor 2020/2021 global report. Global Entrepreneurship Research Association: London, UK.

Search via ReFindit


Bridge, S. and O'Neill, K. (2012). Understanding enterprise: Entrepreneurship and small business. Palgrave Macmillan.

Search via ReFindit


Brusco, S. (2022). Small firms and industrial districts. Department of Economics 0199, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".

Search via ReFindit


Chen, C. J. (2009). Technology commercialization, incubator and venture capital, and new venture performance. Journal of Business Research, 62(1), 93-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2008.01.003

Search via ReFindit


Chen, J., & Thompson, P. (2015). New firm performance and the replacement of founder‐CEOs. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 9(3), 243-262. https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.1203

Search via ReFindit


Coleman, S., & Kariv, D. (2014). 'Deconstructing'entrepreneurial self-efficacy: a gendered perspective on the impact of ESE and community entrepreneurial culture on the financial strategies and performance of new firms. Venture Capital, 16(2), 157-181. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691066.2013.863063

Search via ReFindit


Cowling, M. (2000). Are entrepreneurs different across countries?. Applied Economics Letters, 7(12), 785-789. https://doi.org/10.1080/135048500444804

Search via ReFindit


Cowling, M. (2006). Early stage survival and growth. In The life cycle of entrepreneurial ventures. Springer US, pp.479-506. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-32313-8_16

Search via ReFindit


Cowling, M. and Matthews, C. (2017). Internal Financial Management in Smaller, Entrepreneurial Businesses In: Blackburn, R., De Clercq, D., Heinonen, J. and Wang, Z., eds. The SAGE Handbook of Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Sage, California, United States. ISBN 9781473925236 https://doi.org/10.4135/9781473984080.n18

Search via ReFindit


Croce, A., Guerini, M., & Ughetto, E. (2018). Angel financing and the performance of high‐tech startups. Journal of Small Business Management, 56(2), 208-228. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12250

Search via ReFindit


Cumming, D. J., Grilli, L., & Murtinu, S. (2017). Governmental and independent venture capital investments in Europe: A firm-level performance analysis. Journal of Corporate Finance, 42, 439-459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2014.10.016

Search via ReFindit


Dahl, M. S., & Sorenson, O. (2012). Home sweet home: Entrepreneurs' location choices and the performance of their ventures. Management Science, 58(6), 1059-1071. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1110.1476

Search via ReFindit


Daskalakis, N., Jarvis, R. and Schizas, E. (2013). Financing practices and preferences for micro and small firms. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 20(1), 80-101. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626001311298420

Search via ReFindit


De Mol, E., Cardon, M. S., de Jong, B., Khapova, S. N., & Elfring, T. (2020). Entrepreneurial passion diversity in new venture teams: An empirical examination of short-and long-term performance implications. Journal of Business Venturing, 35(4), 105965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2019.105965

Search via ReFindit


Diaz-Foncea, M. and Marcuello, C. (2013). Entrepreneurs and the context of cooperative organizations: A definition of cooperative entrepreneur. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l'Administration, 30(4), 238-251. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjas.1267

Search via ReFindit


Dick, J. M., Hussinger, K., Blumberg, B., & Hagedoorn, J. (2013). Is success hereditary? Evidence on the performance of spawned ventures. Small Business Economics, 40(4), 911-931. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-011-9394-8

Search via ReFindit


Drucker, P. (2015). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Oxon: Routledge Classics. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315747453

Search via ReFindit


Dumont, M., Rayp, G., Verschelde, M., & Merlevede, B. (2016). The contribution of startups and young firms to industry-level efficiency growth. Applied Economics, 48(59), 5786-5801. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2016.1184381

Search via ReFindit


Dutta, D. K., & Hora, M. (2017). From invention success to commercialization success: Technology ventures and the benefits of upstream and downstream supply‐chain alliances. Journal of Small Business Management, 55(2), 216-235. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12334

Search via ReFindit


Dvir, D., Sadeh, A., & Malach-Pines, A. (2010). The fit between entrepreneurs' personalities and the profile of the ventures they manage and business success: An exploratory study. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 21(1), 43-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hitech.2010.02.006

Search via ReFindit


Eberhart, R. N., Eesley, C. E., & Eisenhardt, K. M. (2017). Failure is an option: Institutional change, entrepreneurial risk, and new firm growth. Organization Science, 28(1), 93-112. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.2017.1110

Search via ReFindit


Eesley, C. E., Hsu, D. H., & Roberts, E. B. (2014). The contingent effects of top management teams on venture performance: Aligning founding team composition with innovation strategy and commercialization environment. Strategic Management Journal, 35(12), 1798-1817. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.2183

Search via ReFindit


Engel, D. (2004). The performance of venture-backed firms: the effect of venture capital company characteristics. Industry and Innovation, 11(3), 249-263. https://doi.org/10.1080/1366271042000265401

Search via ReFindit


Florin, J., Lubatkin, M., & Schulze, W. (2003). A social capital model of high-growth ventures. Academy of Management Journal, 46(3), 374-384. https://doi.org/10.2307/30040630

Search via ReFindit


Florin, J., Lubatkin, M., & Schulze, W. (2003). A social capital model of high-growth ventures. Academy of Management Journal, 46(3), 374-384. https://doi.org/10.2307/30040630

Search via ReFindit


Frank, H., Lueger, M., & Korunka, C. (2007). The significance of personality in business startup intentions, startup realization and business success. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 19(3), 227-251. https://doi.org/10.1080/08985620701218387

Search via ReFindit


Garnsey, E., Stam, E., & Heffernan, P. (2006). New firm growth: Exploring processes and paths. Industry and Innovation, 13(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662710500513367

Search via ReFindit


Georgallis, P. P., & Durand, R. (2017). Achieving high growth in policy-dependent industries: Differences between startups and corporate-backed ventures. Long Range Planning, 50(4), 487-500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2016.06.005

Search via ReFindit


Giarratana, M. S. (2004). The birth of a new industry: entry by startups and the drivers of firm growth: the case of encryption software. Research Policy, 33(5), 787-806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2004.01.001

Search via ReFindit


Groenewegen, G., & de Langen, F. (2012). Critical success factors of the survival of startups with a radical innovation. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 2(3), 155-171.

Search via ReFindit


Hameed, I., & Irfan, Z. (2019). Entrepreneurship education: a review of challenges, characteristics and opportunities. Entrepreneurship Education, 2(3), 135-148. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41959-019-00018-z

Search via ReFindit


Hamilton, E. A. (2006). An exploration of the relationship between loss of legitimacy and the sudden death of organizations. Group & Organization Management, 31, 327-358 https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601106286885

Search via ReFindit


Harada, N. (2003). Who succeeds as an entrepreneur? An analysis of the post-entry performance of new firms in Japan. Japan and the World Economy, 15(2), 211-222. 00002-6 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0922-1425(02)

Search via ReFindit


Hill, S., Ionescu-Somers, A., Coduras, A., Guerrero, M., Roomi, M. A., Bosma, N. & Shay, J. (2022, February). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2021/2022 Global Report: Opportunity Amid Disruption. In Expo 2020 Dubai.

Search via ReFindit


Honjo, Y. (2004). Growth of new startup firms: evidence from the Japanese manufacturing industry. Applied Economics, 36(4), 343-355. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840410001674277

Search via ReFindit


Horne, J., & Fichter, K. (2022). Growing for sustainability: Enablers for the growth of impact startups-A conceptual framework, taxonomy, and systematic literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 131163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131163

Search via ReFindit


Horne, J., & Fichter, K. (2022). Growing for sustainability: Enablers for the growth of impact startups-A conceptual framework, taxonomy, and systematic literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 131163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131163

Search via ReFindit


Hughes, M., Hughes, P., & Morgan, R. E. (2007). Exploitative learning and entrepreneurial orientation alignment in emerging young firms: Implications for market and response performance. British Journal of Management, 18(4), 359-375. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8551.2007.00519.x

Search via ReFindit


Hvide, H. K., & Møen, J. (2010). Lean and hungry or fat and content? Entrepreneurs' wealth and startup performance. Management Science, 56(8), 1242-1258. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1100.1177

Search via ReFindit


Hyder, S. and Lussier, R. N. (2016): Why businesses succeed or fail: a study on small businesses in Pakistan. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 8 (1), 82-100. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-03-2015-0020

Search via ReFindit


Islam, M., Bokhari, A., & Abalala, T. (2018). Perceptions to start up business as a career choice among Saudi female higher education students. Societies, 8, 31. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8020031

Search via ReFindit


Jabeen, F., & Faisal, M. N. (2018). Imperatives for improving entrepreneurial behavior among females in the UAE: An empirical study and structural model. Gender in Management: An International Journal. https://doi.org/10.1108/GM-03-2016-0042

Search via ReFindit


Jin, L., Madison, K., Kraiczy, N. D., Kellermanns, F. W., Crook, T. R., & Xi, J. (2017). Entrepreneurial team composition characteristics and new venture performance: a meta-analysis. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 41(5), 743-771. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12232

Search via ReFindit


Kachlami, H. M. (2017). Social Entrepreneurship and Influence on Regional Firm Demography (Doctoral dissertation, Mid Sweden University).

Search via ReFindit


Kannan, G., Haq, A. N., Sasikumar, P., & Arunachalam, S. (2008). Analysis and selection of green suppliers using interpretative structural modelling and analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Management and Decision Making, 9(2), 163-182. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMDM.2008.017198

Search via ReFindit


Kawakami, T., MacLachlan, D. L., & Stringfellow, A. (2012). New venture performance in C hina, J apan, and the U nited S tates: The impact of formalized market information processes. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 29(2), 275-287. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2011.00895.x

Search via ReFindit


Kelley, D., Singer, S., & Herrington, M. (2016). Global entrepreneurship monitor. Global Report, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, London Business School, Regents Park, London NW1 4SA, UK.

Search via ReFindit


Khaire, M. (2010). Young and no money? Never mind: The material impact of social resources on new venture growth. Organization Science, 21(1), 168-185. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1090.0438

Search via ReFindit


Khefacha, I., & Belkacem, L. (2016). Technology-based ventures and sustainable development: Cointegrating and causal relationships with a panel data approach. The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, 25(2), 192-212. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638199.2015.1048707

Search via ReFindit


Kohn, K., & Wewel, S. A. (2018). Skills, scope and success: An empirical look at the startup process in creative industries in Germany. Creativity and Innovation Management, 27(3), 295-318. https://doi.org/10.1111/caim.12279

Search via ReFindit


Koster, S., & van Stel, A. (2014). The relationship between startups, market mobility and employment growth: An empirical analysis for Dutch regions. Papers in Regional Science, 93(1), 203-217. https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12000

Search via ReFindit


Kritikos, A. (2014). Entrepreneurs and their impact on jobs and economic growth, IZA World of Labor, 8, pp.1-10. https://doi.org/10.15185/izawol.8

Search via ReFindit


Lall, S. A., Chen, L. W., & Roberts, P. W. (2020). Are we accelerating equity investment into impact-oriented ventures?. World Development, 131, 104952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.104952

Search via ReFindit


Larrañeta, B., Zahra, S. A., & Galán González, J. L. (2014). Strategic repertoire variety and new venture growth: The moderating effects of origin and industry dynamism. Strategic Management Journal, 35(5), 761-772. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.2103

Search via ReFindit


Laskovaia, A., Shirokova, G., & Morris, M. H. (2017). National culture, effectuation, and new venture performance: global evidence from student entrepreneurs. Small Business Economics, 49(3), 687-709. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-017-9852-z

Search via ReFindit


LeBrasseur, R., Zanibbi, L., & Zinger, T. J. (2003). Growth momentum in the early stages of small business startups. International Small Business Journal, 21(3), 315-330. https://doi.org/10.1177/02662426030213004

Search via ReFindit


Lee, C., Lee, K., & Pennings, J. M. (2001). Internal capabilities, external networks, and performance: a study on technology‐based ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 22(6‐7), 615-640. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.181

Search via ReFindit


Longenecker, J., Pettie, J., Palich, L. and Hoy, F. (2012). Small Business Management: Launching & Growing Entrepreneurial Ventures. Available at: http://www.cengage.com/search/productOverview.do?N=4294966572+4294950520&Ntk=P_EPI&Ntt=39036951135286799918906405

Search via ReFindit


Lussier, R. N. (1995). A nonfinancial business success versus failure prediction. Journal of Small Business Management, 33(1), 8. https://www.proquest.com/docview/221008471

Search via ReFindit


Mandal, A., & Deshmukh, S. G. (1994). Vendor selection using interpretive structural modelling (ISM). International Journal of Operations & Production Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443579410062086

Search via ReFindit


Martínez‐Fierro, S., Biedma‐Ferrer, J. M., & Ruiz‐Navarro, J. (2020). Impact of high‐growth startups on entrepreneurial environment based on the level of national economic development. Business Strategy and the Environment, 29(3), 1007-1020. https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.2413

Search via ReFindit


Mendoza-Abarca, K. I., Anokhin, S., & Zamudio, C. (2015). Uncovering the influence of social venture creation on commercial venture creation: A population ecology perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(6), 793-807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2015.04.003

Search via ReFindit


Mueller, B. A., Wolfe, M. T., & Syed, I. (2017). Passion and grit: An exploration of the pathways leading to venture success. Journal of Business Venturing, 32(3), 260-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2017.02.001

Search via ReFindit


Mueller, P., Van Stel, A., & Storey, D. J. (2008). The effects of new firm formation on regional development over time: The case of Great Britain. Small Business Economics, 30(1), 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-007-9056-z

Search via ReFindit


Niemann, P. (2011). The impact of social interactions on venture performance: empirical evidence analyzing the relationship between syndicates and ventures. The Journal of Private Equity, 14(4), 41-55. https://doi.org/10.3905/jpe.2011.14.4.041

Search via ReFindit


Norrman, C., & Bager-Sjögren, L. (2010). Entrepreneurship policy to support new innovative ventures: Is it effective?. International Small Business Journal, 28(6), 602-619. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242610369874

Search via ReFindit


Ooghe, H., & De Prijcker, S. (2008). Failure processes and causes of company bankruptcy: a typology. Management Decision, 46(2), 223-242. https://doi.org/10.1108/00251740810854131

Search via ReFindit


Pangarkar, N., & Wu, J. (2013). Alliance formation, partner diversity, and performance of Singapore startups. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 30(3), 791-807. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-012-9305-9

Search via ReFindit


Parto Afkanan, M., Gelard, P., & Naami, A. (2021). Design a pattern for restarting small and medium-sized failed entrepreneur's businesses using interpretive structural modeling and multi-criteria decision making methods. Journal of Decisions and Operations Research, 5(4), 486-491.

Search via ReFindit


Pitkänen, I., Parvinen, P., & Töytäri, P. (2014). The significance of the new venture's first sale: The impact of founders' capabilities and proactive sales orientation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 31(4), 680-694. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpim.12160

Search via ReFindit


Poonguzhali, R. L. (2021). Entrepreneurs and their impact on jobs and economic development. https://www.openacessjournal.com/abstract/805

Search via ReFindit


Porter, M. E. (2008, January). Competitiveness as an engine for economic growth: implications for Saudi Arabia. In The Global Competiveness Forum.

Search via ReFindit


Raeesi, R., Dastranj, M., Mohammadi, S., & Rasouli, E. (2013). Understanding the interactions among the barriers to entrepreneurship using interpretive structural modeling. International Journal of Business and Management, 8(13), 56. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v8n13p56

Search via ReFindit


Raspe, O., & van Oort, F. (2011). Growth of new firms and spatially bounded knowledge externalities. The Annals of Regional Science, 46(3), 495-518. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-009-0357-9

Search via ReFindit


Read, S., Song, M., & Smit, W. (2009). A meta-analytic review of effectuation and venture performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(6), 573-587. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.02.005

Search via ReFindit


Repushevskaya, O. A. (2022). Assessment of the Economic Potential of Entrepreneurship and Modern Consumer Cooperation in the Modern Economy. In Сooperation and Sustainable Development (pp. 237-248). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-77000-6_28

Search via ReFindit


Robinson, K. C., & Phillips McDougall, P. (2001). Entry barriers and new venture performance: a comparison of universal and contingency approaches. Strategic Management Journal, 22(6‐7), 659-685. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.186

Search via ReFindit


Sarma, S., & Marszalek, J. M. (2020). New venture growth: role of ecosystem elements and prior experience. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1515/erj-2018-0215

Search via ReFindit


Savarese, M. F., Orsi, L., & Belussi, F. (2016). New venture high growth in high-tech environments. European Planning Studies, 24(11), 1937-1958. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2016.1232700

Search via ReFindit


Schick, H., Marxen, S., & Freimann, J. (2002). Sustainability issues for startup entrepreneurs. Greener Management International, (38), 59-70. https://doi.org/10.9774/GLEAF.3062.2002.su.00007

Search via ReFindit


Schueffel, P., Amann, W., & Herbolzheimer, E. (2011). Internationalization Of New Ventures: Tests Of Growth And Survival. Multinational Business Review. https://doi.org/10.1108/15253831111190199

Search via ReFindit


Schwab, K. (2018, November). The global competitiveness report 2018. In World Economic Forum (Vol. 671).

Search via ReFindit


Seo, Y. W., & Lee, Y. H. (2019). Effects of internal and external factors on business performance of startups in South Korea: The engine of new market dynamics. International Journal of Engineering Business Management, 11, 1847979018824231. https://doi.org/10.1177/1847979018824231

Search via ReFindit


Shane, S., & Stuart, T. (2002). Organizational endowments and the performance of university startups. Management Science, 48(1), 154-170. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.48.1.154.14280

Search via ReFindit


Shrader, R., & Siegel, D. S. (2007). Assessing the relationship between human capital and firm performance: Evidence from technology-based new ventures. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 31(6), 893-908. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00206.x

Search via ReFindit


Sleuwaegen, L., & Onkelinx, J. (2014). International commitment, post-entry growth and survival of international new ventures. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(1), 106-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2013.01.001

Search via ReFindit


Smith, D. (2010). The role of entrepreneurship in economic growth. Undergraduate Economic Review, 6(2), pp.1-17.

Search via ReFindit


Smolka, K. M., Verheul, I., Burmeister-Lamp, K., & Heugens, P. P. (2018). Get it together! Synergistic effects of causal and effectual decision-making logics on venture performance. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 42(4), 571-604. https://doi.org/10.1177/1042258718783429

Search via ReFindit


Söderblom, A., Samuelsson, M., Wiklund, J., & Sandberg, R. (2015). Inside the black box of outcome additionality: Effects of early-stage government subsidies on resource accumulation and new venture performance. Research Policy, 44(8), 1501-1512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2015.05.009

Search via ReFindit


Song, M., Podoynitsyna, K., Van Der Bij, H., & Halman, J. I. (2008). Success factors in new ventures: A meta‐analysis. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 25(1), 7-27. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2007.00280.x

Search via ReFindit


Song, M., Wang, T., & Parry, M. E. (2010). Do market information processes improve new venture performance?. Journal of Business Venturing, 25(6), 556-568. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2009.03.003

Search via ReFindit


Stam, E., & Wennberg, K. (2009). The roles of R&D in new firm growth. Small Business Economics, 33(1), 77-89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-009-9183-9

Search via ReFindit


Stam, W., & Elfring, T. (2008). Entrepreneurial orientation and new venture performance: The moderating role of intra-and extraindustry social capital. Academy of Management Journal, 51(1), 97-111. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2008.30744031

Search via ReFindit


Storey, D. J., & Greene, F. J. (2010). Small business and entrepreneurship. Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Search via ReFindit


Storey, D.J. (1994). Understanding the small business sector. Routledge.

Search via ReFindit


Streletzki, J. G., & Schulte, R. (2013). Which venture capital selection criteria distinguish high-flyer investments?. Venture Capital, 15(1), 29-52. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691066.2012.724232

Search via ReFindit


Stubner, S., Wulf, T., & Hungenberg, H. (2007). Management support and the performance of entrepreneurial start-ups. Schmalenbach Business Review, 59(2), 138-159. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03396745

Search via ReFindit


Sushil, S. (2012). Interpreting the interpretive structural model. Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, 13(2), 87-106. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40171-012-0008-3

Search via ReFindit


Takahashi, H., Yamakawa, Y., & Mathew, P. G. (2018). Board members' influence on resource investments to startups and IPO outcomes: Does prior affiliation matter?. Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, 49, 30-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pacfin.2018.03.004

Search via ReFindit


Tas, M., Saydaliev, H. B., & Kadyrov, S. (2022). Impact of collaborative, entrepreneurship education on the financial risk taken by university students. Industry and Higher Education, 09504222211068294. https://doi.org/10.1177/09504222211068294

Search via ReFindit


Temtime, Z. T., & Pansiri, J. (2004). Small business critical success/failure factors in developing countries: some evidences from Botswana. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2004.18.25

Search via ReFindit


Terjesen, S., Patel, P. C., & Covin, J. G. (2011). Alliance diversity, environmental context and the value of manufacturing capabilities among new high technology ventures. Journal of Operations Management, 29(1-2), 105-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2010.07.004

Search via ReFindit


Thurik, R. and Wennekers, S. (2004). Entrepreneurship, small business and economic growth. Journal of Small Business And Enterprise Development, 11(1), 140-149A https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000410519173

Search via ReFindit


Timmons, J.A. (1999). New Venture Creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century. Homewood, IL: Irwin.

Search via ReFindit


Van Praag, M., De Wit, G., & Bosma, N. (2005). Initial capital constraints hinder entrepreneurial venture performance. The Journal of Private Equity, 9(1), 36-44. https://doi.org/10.3905/jpe.2005.605369

Search via ReFindit


Van Stel, A., & Suddle, K. (2008). The impact of new firm formation on regional development in the Netherlands. Small Business Economics, 30(1), 31-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-007-9054-1

Search via ReFindit


Vanacker, T., Manigart, S., Meuleman, M., & Sels, L. (2011). A longitudinal study on the relationship between financial bootstrapping and new venture growth. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 23(9-10), 681-705. https://doi.org/10.1080/08985626.2010.502250

Search via ReFindit


Vervoort, A. (2021). Various phases in surface movements linked to deep coal longwall mining: from startup till the period after closure. International Journal of Coal Science & Technology, 8(3), 412-426. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40789-020-00325-0

Search via ReFindit


Walsh, I. J., & Bartunek, J. M. (2011). Cheating the fates: Organizational foundings in the wake of demise. Academy of Management Journal, 54(5), 1017-1044. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2008.0658

Search via ReFindit


Wang, T., Thornhill, S., & De Castro, J. O. (2017). Entrepreneurial orientation, legitimation, and new venture performance. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 11(4), 373-392. https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.1246

Search via ReFindit


Watson, K., Hogarth-Scott, S., & Wilson, N. (1998). Small business startups: success factors and support implications. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 4(3), 217-238. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552559810235510

Search via ReFindit


Wei, J., Chen, Y., Zhang, J., & Gong, Y. (2019). Research on factors affecting the entrepreneurial learning from failure: an interpretive structure model. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1304. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01304

Search via ReFindit


Wennberg, K., & DeTienne, D. R. (2014). What do we really mean when we talk about 'exit'? A critical review of research on entrepreneurial exit. International Small Business Journal, 32(1), 4-16. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242613517126

Search via ReFindit


Wennberg, K., & Lindqvist, G. (2010). The effect of clusters on the survival and performance of new firms. Small Business Economics, 34(3), 221-241. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-008-9123-0

Search via ReFindit


Westerman, J. W., Geiger, S. W., & Cyr, L. A. (2008). Employee equity incentives and venture capitalist involvement: Examining the effects on IPO performance. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 13(04), 409-423. https://doi.org/10.1142/S1084946708001058

Search via ReFindit


Westhead, P., Storey, D.J. and Cowling, M. (1993). An exploratory analysis of the factors associated with the survival of independent high-technology firms in Great Britain. Centre for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, Warwick Business School.

Search via ReFindit


World Bank. (2016). Doing business 2017: Equal opportunity for all. The World Bank.

Search via ReFindit


Wu, L. Y. (2007). Entrepreneurial resources, dynamic capabilities and startup performance of Taiwan's high-tech firms. Journal of Business Research, 60(5), 549-555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2007.01.007

Search via ReFindit


Xiao, L. (2007). Financing high-tech SMEs in China (Doctoral dissertation, Middlesex University).

Search via ReFindit


Xiao, L., Larson, M., & North, D. (2013). Influence of entrepreneurial teams on the growth orientation of early-stage high-tech SMEs in China: Multiple measures of performance. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 14(1), 29-38. https://doi.org/10.5367/ijei.2013.0106

Search via ReFindit


Yamakawa, Y., Peng, M. W., & Deeds, D. L. (2015). Rising from the ashes: Cognitive determinants of venture growth after entrepreneurial failure. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39(2), 209-236. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12047

Search via ReFindit


Ye, Q. (2017). Entrepreneurs, strategy, venturing process and industry environment: a configurational approach to new venture emergence. International Business Research, 10(3), 148-163. https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v10n3p148

Search via ReFindit


Yitshaki, R. (2012). How do entrepreneurs' emotional intelligence and transformational leadership orientation impact new ventures' growth?. Journal of small Business & Entrepreneurship, 25(3), 357-374. https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2012.10593578

Search via ReFindit


Zheng, Y., & Mai, Y. (2013). A Contextualized Transactive Memory System View on How Founding Teams Respond to Surprises: Evidence from China. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 7(3), 197-213. https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.1157

Search via ReFindit