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Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
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The impact of servant leadership on leadership sustainability: empirical evidence from higher education in Syrian universities


The purpose of this research paper is to develop a theoretical framework of sustainable leadership model which could be applied to assess Higher education academic and administrative staff perception and level of endorsement of significant leadership behaviours at Higher Education industry. Leadership sustainability is relatively a new trend which requires further examination. The sustainable leadership model comprises a set of leadership behaviours including visionary, team oriented and servant leadership. A theoretical model is established, clarifying the significance of selection of the abovementioned leadership behaviours. Planned Methodology, measurement, empirical testing and application of the theoretical model is investigated. A quantitative approach is employed to design a questionnaire survey to identify the appropriate conceptualisation of integrated leadership attributes and behaviour items. The competitive advantage of the theoretical model is characterised by the combination and integration of various characteristics and attributes of leadership and its relationship to leadership sustainability, a newly defined leadership dimension in the context of higher education. The model argues the significance of the abovementioned leadership dimensions in Higher Education industry, particularly among rectors, faculty deans, vice dean and heads of departments. Cronbach alpha Reliability test shows very strong internal consistency and significance. Higher Education industry is investigated in this research study selecting a convenience sample from Higher Education institutions. Descriptive analysis shows high level of endorsement of perceived leadership dimensions among academic and administrative staff. The regression analysis shows strong and positive significance of servant leadership on perceived sustainability leadership in higher education. The research paper emphasizes the significance of leadership dimensions including vision, influence, team building, and service in higher education industry in Private and Public universities.


leadership sustainability, vision, teambuilding, servant leadership, higher education

JEL classifications

M10 , O10





This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Dalati, Serene
Arab International University, Daraa, Syrian Arab Republic
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues





Issue date

March 2016

Issue DOI


ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania


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