Source: Journal Citation ReportsTM from ClarivateTM 2022

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2020-07-15  |  Accepted: 2020-11-09  |  Published: 2020-12-30


Green growth assessment discourse on evaluation indices in the European Union


Investigating green growth is a continuing scientific concern within academia, governments, and international organizations in recent years. This paper analyzes the discourse on green growth assessment methods. There are three primary aims of this study: 1. To identify factors influencing or stimulating green growth. 2. To analyze sets, frameworks, and indices of green growth indicators designed by international organizations and scientists. 3. To develop the Green Growth evaluation Index and to validate it on the assessment of green growth status of the European Union countries. The methodological approach taken in this study is a mixed methodology based on data analysis, generalization, and index assessment. The study offers important insights into the discourse on green growth evaluation, analyzes green growth measurement tools, and provides the Green Growth Index which can be applied to evaluate green growth in developing and developed countries. Secondary data have been collected from Eurostat, the World Bank databases, and UNDP Human Development Reports for the year 2018. The results show that green growth is uneven in the European countries; the Green Growth Index and all three pillars vary between countries due to the fact that several countries lag behind all the indicators included in the Green Growth Index.


green economy, green growth, assessment methods, economic evaluation, green growth index, European Union

JEL classifications

O44 , O47 , Q56 , Q57





This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Šneiderienė, Agnė
Klaipėda University, Klaipėda, Lithuania
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Viederytė, Rasa
Klaipėda University, Klaipėda, Lithuania
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Abele, Lilita
Liepaja University, Liepāja, Latvia
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues





Issue date

December 2020

Issue DOI


ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania


Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 2523  |  PDF downloads: 1143