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Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2018-02-18  |  Accepted: 2018-05-10  |  Published: 2018-06-30

Title

Impact of labour migration on entrepreneurship ecosystem: case of Eurasian Economic Union


Abstract

Labour migration is one of the most important socio-economic development indicators. The problem of a steady decline in the working-age population size has changed a role of migration that has an active impact on the human potential development. With the help of an empirical example from the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), this research paper presents specifics of labour migration. A review of literary sources points out to an ambiguous impact of a number of factors on dynamics of migration flows, employment, and unemployment. Correlation-regression modelling of migration processes for the EEU in various configurations has resulted with the following. First, a revealed direct relationship between a natural growth (decline) in the population, a number of vacant jobs and the population migration indicator. Second, researchers have established an inverse dependence between GDP per capita, consumer price index, minimum wage, unemployment rate, and population migration indicator. Thirdly, they have shown that a direction of migrant flows depends on such factors, as GDP per capita, number of vacant jobs and minimum wage. Results of the analysis show that an increasing difference between an average wage in the region and across the EEU, and minimum standard of living leads to decreasing numbers of migrants from a particular region of the EEU. In the EEU, for the population main reasons for employment abroad include unemployment in rural areas, no regular income, and lower wages compared to neighbouring countries. The discussion explains an essence of contradictory consequences of the labour migration impact on a development of national economic systems in terms of the completed academic and empirical research. In this regard, it is reasonable to consider labour migration as a global economic phenomenon and this needs further research in terms of factors that influence it.


Keywords

labour migration, Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), employment, labour remuneration, migration flows, entrepreneurship ecosystem, migration factors


JEL classifications

E24 , J21 , F22


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/197


DOI


HAL


Pages

992-1007


This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Todorov, Georgi N.
Varna Scientific Institute of the Eastern European Commonwealth, Varna, Bulgaria
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Kalinina, Anna V.
Tyumen Industrial University, Tyumen, Russian Federation https://www.tyuiu.ru
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Rybakova, Anna I.
Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russian Federation http://rgsu.net
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

5


Number

4


Issue date

June 2018


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 5304  |  PDF downloads: 1988

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