ESC
Clarivate

 
Source: Journal Citation ReportsTM from ClarivateTM 2022

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2018-02-12  |  Accepted: 2018-05-10  |  Published: 2018-06-30

Title

Economic development of community by entrepreneurship: an investigation of the entrepreneurial intent and the institutional support to the local community in Al-Kharj region


Abstract

The purpose of the present study is twofold, to investigate the entrepreneurial intent of the university students and to chalk out with the factors (educational) to be considered for institutional support by the university under study. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) questionnaire was adopted and administered along with a separate sixteen items sheet containng the items pertaining to the institutional suppot mechanisms. Overall, 370 responses were collected from both male & female students. The Data was analysed by applying correlations, linear and hierarchical regression and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The results of the study reaffirm the theory of planned behaviour in Saudi context with a significant variance of 43.2 percent in explaining students’ entrepreneurial intent. However, in the present case it is found that both attitude and perceived behavioral control are the significant predictors of entrepreneurial intent. Moreover, the subjective norm did not significantly predict the entrepreneurial intent. The findings also suggest a four steps generic model of institutional educational support for entrepreneurial nurturement to the local community.


Keywords

entrepreneurial intent, theory of planned behaviour, economic development, institutional support, Al-Kharj region


JEL classifications

L26 , O10 , C20


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/191


DOI


HAL


Pages

899-913


Funding

We are grateful to the Deanship of Scientific Research at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University for financing this study under the research project # 2015/02/4862.

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Naushad, Mohammad
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia https://psau.edu.sa
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Faridi, Mohammad Rishad
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia https://psau.edu.sa
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Syed, Abdul Malik
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia https://psau.edu.sa
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

5


Number

4


Issue date

June 2018


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 4331  |  PDF downloads: 1775

References


Abreu, M., Demirel, P., Grinevich, V., & Karataş-Özkan, M. (2016). Entrepreneurial practices in research-intensive and teaching-led universities. Small business economics, 47(3), 695-717. . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-016-9754-5

Search via ReFindit


Ajzen, I. (2002). Perceived behavioral control, Self‐Efficacy, locus of control, and the theory of planned Behavior1. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32(4), 665-683.

Search via ReFindit


Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (2005). The influence of attitudes on behavior. The handbook of attitudes, 173, 221.

Search via ReFindit


Ajzen, I., 1991. The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T

Search via ReFindit


Ali, T. B. (2016). Explaining the intent to start a business among Saudi Arabian University Students. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(2).

Search via ReFindit


Almobaireek, W. N., & Manolova, T. S. (2012). Who wants to be an entrepreneur? Entrepreneurial intentions among Saudi university students. African Journal of Business Management, 6(11), 4029-4040.

Search via ReFindit


Aloulou, W. J. (2016). Predicting entrepreneurial intentions of final year Saudi university business students by applying the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 23(4), 1142.

Search via ReFindit


Autio, E., H. Keeley, R., Klofsten, M., G. C. Parker, G., & Hay, M. (2001). Entrepreneurial Intent among Students in Scandinavia and in the USA. Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies, 2(2), 145-160. https://doi.org/10.1080/14632440110094632

Search via ReFindit


Baptista, R., & Thurik, A. R. (2007). The relationship between entrepreneurship and unemployment: Is Portugal an outlier? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(1), 75-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2006.04.003

Search via ReFindit


Birch, D. L. (1983). Job creation in the U.S. and other western nations in the 1980's. House Budget Committee taskforce on education and employment, U. S. Government Report.

Search via ReFindit


Bird, B. J. (1988). Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: The Case For Intention. Academy of Management. The Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442.

Search via ReFindit


Bygrave, W., & Minniti, M. (2000). The social dynamics of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship: theory and practice, 24(3), 25-25.

Search via ReFindit


Coduras, A., Urbano, D., Rojas, Á., & Martínez, S. (2008). The Relationship Between University Support to Entrepreneurship with Entrepreneurial Activity in Spain: A Gem Data Based Analysis. International Advances in Economic Research, 14(4), 395-406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-008-9173-8

Search via ReFindit


Engle, R. L., Dimitriadi, N., Gavidia, J. V., Schlaegel, C., Delanoe, S., Alvarado, I., Wolff, B. (2010). Entrepreneurial intent: A twelve‐country evaluation of Ajzen's model of planned behavior. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 16(1), 35-57. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552551011020063

Search via ReFindit


Engle, R. L., Schlaegel, C., & Dimitriadi, N. (2011). Institutions and entrepreneurial intent:: a cross-country study. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 16(2), 227-250.

Search via ReFindit


Gertler, M. S., & Vinodrai, T. (2005). Anchors of creativity: how do public universities create competitive and cohesive communities. Taking public universities seriously, 293-315.

Search via ReFindit


Guerrero, M., & Urbano, D. (2012). The development of an entrepreneurial university. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 37(1), 43-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-010-9171-x

Search via ReFindit


Iakovleva, T., Kolvereid, L., & Stephan, U. (2011). Entrepreneurial intentions in developing and developed countries. Education + Training, 53(5), 353-370. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400911111147686

Search via ReFindit


Iqbal, A., Melhem, Y., & Kokash, H. (2012). Readiness of the university students towards entrepreneurship in Saudi private university: An exploratory study. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 8(15).

Search via ReFindit


Kautonen, T., Gelderen, M., & Fink, M. (2015). Robustness of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Predicting Entrepreneurial Intentions and Actions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39(3), 655-674. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12056

Search via ReFindit


Khalifa, A. H., & Dhiaf, M. M. (2016). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention: the UAE context. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 14(1), 119--128.

Search via ReFindit


Khan, M. R. (2013). Mapping entrepreneurship ecosystem of Saudi Arabia. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 9(1), 28. https://doi.org/10.1108/20425961311315700

Search via ReFindit


Kirby, D. A. (2006). Creating Entrepreneurial Universities in the UK: Applying Entrepreneurship Theory to Practice. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 31(5), 599-603. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-006-9061-4

Search via ReFindit


Kirby, D. A., Guerrero, M., & Urbano, D. (2011). Making Universities More Entrepreneurial: Development of a Model. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l'Administration, 28(3), 302-316. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjas.220

Search via ReFindit


Kolvereid, L. (1996). Prediction of employment status choice intentions. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 21(1), 47.

Search via ReFindit


Krueger, N.F., Reilly, M.D. & Carsrud, A.L., 2000. Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15, 411–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(98)00033-0

Search via ReFindit


Liñán, F. (2008). Skill and value perceptions: how do they affect entrepreneurial intentions? International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 4(3), 257-272. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-008-0093-0

Search via ReFindit


Liñán, F., & Chen, Y.-W. (2006). Testing the entrepreneurial intention model on a two-country sample.

Search via ReFindit


Liñán, F., & Chen, Y.-W. (2009). Development and Cross-Cultural Application of a Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593-617. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00318.x

Search via ReFindit


Lüthje, C., & Franke, N. (2003). the ‘making’ of an entrepreneur: testing a model of entrepreneurial intent among engineering students at MIT. R&D Management, 33(2), 135-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9310.00288

Search via ReFindit


Majumdar, S., & Varadarajan, D. (2013). Students' attitude towards entrepreneurship: does gender matter in the UAE? foresight, 15(4), 278-293. https://doi.org/10.1108/FS-03-2012-0011

Search via ReFindit


Matlay, H. (2008). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial outcomes. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15(2), 382-396. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000810871745

Search via ReFindit


McMullan, W. E., & Long, W. A. (1987). Entrepreneurship education in the nineties. Journal of Business Venturing, 2(3), 261-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-9026(87)90013-9

Search via ReFindit


Mustafa, M. J., Hernandez, E., Mahon, C., & Chee, L. K. (2016). Entrepreneurial intentions of university students in an emerging economy: The influence of university support and proactive personality on students’ entrepreneurial intention. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 8(2), 162-179. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-10-2015-0058

Search via ReFindit


Nabi, G., Liñán, F., Iakovleva, T., Kolvereid, L., & Stephan, U. (2011). Entrepreneurial intentions in developing and developed countries. Education+ Training, 53(5), 353-370.

Search via ReFindit


Radwan, A.; Sakr, M. M. 2017. Review of Egypt Science and Technology System: SWOT analysis, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues 5(2): 204-211. https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2017.5.2(3)

Search via ReFindit


Saleh, W., & Salhieh, L. (2014). An Investigation of Entrepreneurial Intention amongst Arab University Students. International Journal of Business and Management, 9(12), 197.

Search via ReFindit


Schlaegel, C., & Koenig, M. (2014). Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intent: A Meta‐Analytic Test and Integration of Competing Models. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38(2), 291-332. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12087

Search via ReFindit


Schwarz, E. J., Wdowiak, M. A., Almer-Jarz, D. A., & Breitenecker, R. J. (2009). The effects of attitudes and perceived environment conditions on students' entrepreneurial intent: An Austrian perspective. Education & Training, 51(4), 272-291. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910910964566

Search via ReFindit


Shook, C. L., & Bratianu, C. (2010). Entrepreneurial intent in a transitional economy: an application of the theory of planned behavior to Romanian students. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 6(3), 231-247. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-008-0091-2

Search via ReFindit


Støren, L. A. (2014). Entrepreneurship in higher education: Impacts on graduates' entrepreneurial intentions, activity and learning outcome. Education & Training, 56(8/9), 795-813. . https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-06-2014-0070

Search via ReFindit


Thurik, R. (2003). Entrepreneurship and Unemployment in the UK. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 50(3), 264-290. . https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9485.5003001

Search via ReFindit


Turker, D., & Sonmez Selcuk, S. (2009). Which factors affect entrepreneurial intention of university students? Journal of European Industrial Training, 33(2), 142-159. . https://doi.org/10.1108/03090590910939049

Search via ReFindit


Van Gelderen, M., Brand, M., van Praag, M., Bodewes, W., Poutsma, E., & van Gils, A. (2008). Explaining entrepreneurial intentions by means of the theory of planned behaviour. Career Development International, 13(6), 538-559. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430810901688

Search via ReFindit