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Source: Journal Citation ReportsTM from ClarivateTM 2022

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2016-10-23  |  Accepted: 2016-02-14  |  Published: 2017-03-31

Title

Energy balancing accross cities: Virtual Power Plant prototype and iURBAN case studies


Abstract

This paper summarises Virtual Power Plant (VPP) development within the European Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) project Intelligent URBAn eNergy tool (iURBAN).In the context of this work the VPP is considered as a high level design tool based upon load aggregation of near real-time metered energy demand and generation data at building/apartment levels. Selected data can be aggregated up to city level, or user defined and selected levels such as district, neighbourhood, low voltage electricity network, district heating network etc. Two types of analysis can be performed by the VPP: ‘as is’ model(s), representing the structures and consumption patterns currently in place (the status quo), and ‘what if’ (variant) model(s), representing possible alternatives such as adding photovoltaics (PV) at building and/or distribution levels. Target users, city planners and utility companies, will be able to use the VPP to gain an understanding of energy demand/generation at user defined and selected levels of interest ranging from high level city planning to the selection of individual buildings or user defined energy networks and so on. ‘What if’ scenarios aid in future development and planning of cities. The paper outlines an example VPP case study from the iURBAN project (grant agreement N° 608712).


Keywords

Virtual Power Plant (VPP), City model, ICT tools, High level city planning, distributed energy resources


JEL classifications

C22 , C61 , C63 , C67 , C88


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/111


DOI


Pages

351-363


Funding

This research was supported by the iURBAN project. Project funding from the European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and emonstration under grant agreement No 608712.

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Oates, Michael
Integrated Environmental Solutions Ltd, Glasgow, United Kingdom https://www.iesve.com
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Melia, Aidan
Integrated Environmental Solutions Ltd, Glasgow, United Kingdom https://www.iesve.com
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Ferrando, Valeria
Integrated Environmental Solutions Ltd, Glasgow, United Kingdom https://www.iesve.com
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

4


Number

3


Issue date

March 2017


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

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References