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Source: Journal Citation ReportsTM from ClarivateTM 2022

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2022-11-11  |  Accepted: 2023-03-14  |  Published: 2023-03-30

Title

Conflicts and natural disasters as drivers of forced migrations in a gravity-type approach


Abstract

The literature identifies three main drivers for forced migration, namely conflict, food insecurity, and natural and man-made disasters, although finds no empirical consensus on the association between climate change and migrations. Aim of this study is to identify the different push and pull factors of forced migration in different regions of the world by means of gravity-type models. Particular attention is devoted to determining the effects of climatic factors and conflicts, while controlling for the economic, political and social relationship between the origin and the destination countries. We model both total forced migration, that includes refugees, asylum seekers, internal displacements, and returnees, and cross-border forced migrations. Finally, we consider a full panel data analysis and estimate both fixed effects and random effects model specifications.


Keywords

forced migration, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), conflicts, natural disasters, climate change, gravity models


JEL classifications

C23 , D74 , F22 , O15 , Q54


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/1065


DOI


Pages

254-273


Funding

We acknowledge financial support from the Italian Ministry of University and Research, Scientific Research Program of National Relevance (PRIN) 2017, project "Innovation for global challenges in a connected world: the role of local resources and socio-economic conditions".

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Buzzanca, Luca
Gran Sasso Science Institute, L'Aquila, Italy https://www.gssi.it
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Conigliani, Caterina
Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy http://www.uniroma3.it
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Costantini, Valeria
Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy http://www.uniroma3.it
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

10


Number

3


Issue date

March 2023


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 1255  |  PDF downloads: 455

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