ESC
Clarivate

 
Source: Journal Citation ReportsTM from ClarivateTM 2022

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
Journal Impact FactorTM (2022) 1.7
Journal Citation IndicatorTM (2022) 0.42
Received: 2022-11-13  |  Accepted: 2023-01-30  |  Published: 2023-03-30

Title

Security and defense are truly a priority for the member states of the European Union: fact of hoax?


Abstract

All the often-contradictory hoaxes concerning the European Union (EU) are so-called Euro-myths. They mostly have a negative tone and try to denigrate this institution. Their emergence is caused by the fact that individual states often need more information about what is happening in the EU, and the complex mechanism of the Union's functioning is difficult to understand. Therefore, when the next "EU wants to ban something" comes out, ordinary people tend to take it as a given without verifying the information, ensuring the defence of freedom, independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, and population belongs to the main objective of each state. Thus, in response to the current political, security and economic situation, countries must earmark, within the framework of their national budgets, a proportion of the available resources to ensure their defence. The aim of this paper, based on current trends in the defence budgets of the EU member states, is to point out, that not only the global economic and financial crisis and the credit and debt crisis in the Euro-area have a significant negative impact on the amount of resources, which individual EU member states earmark to ensure their defence, but, in addition, all these aspects should be precisely understood, bearing in mind, the growing influence of disinformation spread, leveraged by the hoax rising influence.


Keywords

hoax, disinformation, defense, security, economy, defense expenditure, European Union, member states


JEL classifications

E00 , E69 , H40 , H56


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/1054


DOI


Pages

73-83


Funding

This work was supported by the Agency for the Support of Research and Development on the basis of Contract no. APVV-20-0334.

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Ivančík, Radoslav
Academy of the Police Force in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia https://www.akademiapz.sk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Nečas, Pavel
Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia https://www.umb.sk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

10


Number

3


Issue date

March 2023


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 1030  |  PDF downloads: 424

References


Androniceanu, A. (2019). A managerial approach to Romania’s security strategy with NATO. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 8(3), 423-433. http://doi.org/10.9770/jssi.2019.8.3(11)

Search via ReFindit


Androniceanu, A. (2021). Transparency in public administration as a challenge for a good democratic governance. Administratie si Management Public, 36, 149-164. http://doi.org/10.24818/amp/2021.36-09

Search via ReFindit


Becker, J. (2021). Rusty guns and buttery soldiers: unemployment and the domestic origins of defense spending. European Political Science Review, 13(3), 307-330. http://doi.org/10.1017/S1755773921000102

Search via ReFindit


Becker, J. & Dunne, J.P. (2021). Military Spending Composition and Economic Growth. Defence and Peace Economics Early access http://doi.org/10.1080/10242694.2021.2003530

Search via ReFindit


Bučka P., & Andrassy V. (2017). Distributed simulation as a platform of security community preparation, Distance Learning, Simulation and Communication, Brno, University of Defence ISBN 978-80-7231-416-4

Search via ReFindit


Bučka P., Marek J., & Andrassy V. (2018). Systematic approach to global terrorism, Medzinárodné vzťahy 2018, Bratislava, Ekonóm, ISBN 978-80-225-4602-7, ISSN 2585-9412

Search via ReFindit


Drelich-Skulska, B., & Domiter, M. (2020). Security in the Science of International Relations and Economic Security. A Contribution to the Discussion. Transformations in Business & Economics, Vol. 19, No 2A (50A), pp.551-564.

Search via ReFindit


Dubauskas, G. (2021). Conditions influencing the change of defense budgets - the case of Lithuania. Insights into Regional Development, 3(2), 282-288. https://doi.org/10.9770/IRD.2021.3.2(8)

Search via ReFindit


Dutta, M. (2005). Defence Economics. Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications

Search via ReFindit


EDA. (2022). Defence Data. Retrieved Jun 25, 2022, from: https://eda.europa.eu/publications-and-data/defence-data

Search via ReFindit


Grant, M.L. (2019). Updating security and defence policy. National Institute Economic Review, 250(1), R40-R46 http://doi.org/10.1177/002795011925000116

Search via ReFindit


Hajdúková, T., & Kurilovská, T., & Lukáčiková, E. (2022). Analysis of Payment Discipline in the Payment of Insurance Premiums to the Social Insurance Agency in the Slovak Republic. The Economic and Management Forum 2022 – Conference Proceedings from International Scientific Conference. Poprad, pp. 135-145. ISBN 978-80-8040-582-3.

Search via ReFindit


Hartley, K. (2011). The Economics of Defence Policy: A New Perspective. New York: Routledge https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203838778

Search via ReFindit


Hitch, Ch. J., & McKean, R. N. (1960). The Economics in the Nuclear Age. New York: Atheneum https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674865884

Search via ReFindit


Holcner, V., & Olejníček, A., & Horák, R. & Musil, P. (2012). National Defense Economics – Essentials. Brno: University of Defence

Search via ReFindit


Horák, R. (1998). Výdaje na obranu státu. Ekonomika obrany státu, Vybrané kapitoly. Brno: University of Defence

Search via ReFindit


Ivančík, R. (2012). Alokačná a technická efektívnosť financovania obrany v Slovenskej republike. Liptovský Mikuláš: Armed Forces Academy of general Milan Rastislav Štefánik

Search via ReFindit


Jurčák, V., & Marek, J. (2022). Russia's Possible View on the Future Shape of the War. Political Science, 25(3), 62-86. https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2022.25.3.62-86

Search via ReFindit


Kavan, Š., Buzalka, J., & Meteňko, J. (2014). Bezpečnost společnosti v podmínkách Evropské unie. České Budějovice: College of European and Regional Studies

Search via ReFindit


Kazanský, R. (2015). The Theory of Conflict. Banská Bystrica: Belianum –Matej Bel University

Search via ReFindit


Kazanský, R. (2018). Nové prístupy k výskumu transformácie bezpečnostného sektora. České Budejovice: College of European and Regional Studies

Search via ReFindit


Kennedy, G. (1983). Defence Economics. London: Duckworth

Search via ReFindit


Komarek, T.M., & Wagner, G.A. 2021. Local fiscal adjustments from depopulation: evidence from the post-cold war defense contraction. National Tax Journal, 74(1), 9-43 https://doi.org/10.1086/712917

Search via ReFindit


Lasicová, J., & Ušiak, J. (2012). Bezpečnosť ako kategória. Bratislava: Veda – Slovak Academy of Science

Search via ReFindit


Majchút, I. (2018). Impact of Significant External Actors on Cyprus Conflict Solution. Political Science, 21 (1), 58-76.: http://dx.doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2018.21.1.58-76

Search via ReFindit


Medveď, J., & Nemec, J. et al. (2011). Verejné financie. Bratislava: Sprint dva

Search via ReFindit


Meričková, B. (2007). Funkcie a rozsah verejných financií. Verejné financie. Bratislava: Sprint. 2007

Search via ReFindit


Mikušová Meričková, B., & Stejskal, J. (2014). Value of collective consumption goods. Politická ekonomie. Praha: Oeconomica – College of Economics, 62(2), 216-231 https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.947

Search via ReFindit


Palavenis, D. (2020). In the search for defense spending impact: Lithuanian case study, 2009-2018. Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 24(4), 567-588. http://doi.org/10.3176/tr.2020.4.06

Search via ReFindit


Procházka, J., Novotný, A., Stojar, R., & Frank, L. (2018). The Long-Term Perspective for Defence 2030 – Comparative Analysis. Political science, 21 (4), 118-139. http://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2018.21.4.118-139

Search via ReFindit


Pruchnicki, W., Smal, T., & Tomaszycki, M. 2022. Shaping leadership in selected military academies. Administratie si Management Public, 39, 170-188. http://doi.org/10.24818/amp/2022.39-10

Search via ReFindit


Samuelson, P. A., & Nordhaus, W. D. (2022). Economics. 19. ed. New York: McGraw Hill

Search via ReFindit


Šefčík, V. (1999). Ekonomika a obrana státu. Praha: Ministerstvo obrany Českej republiky

Search via ReFindit


SITA. 2019. President with the Prime Minister accepted the Secretary General of NATO. Pravda. Retrieved Jun 25, 2022, from: http://spravy.pravda.sk/domace/clanok/317741-prezident-prijal-generalneho-tajomnika-nato

Search via ReFindit


Sivák, R. (2007). Verejné financie. Bratislava: Iura Edition

Search via ReFindit


Smith, A. (2017). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Praha: Grada Publishing

Search via ReFindit


Soares, J., Letens, G., Vallet, N., Van Bockhaven, W., Keathley-Herring, H., & Van Aken, E. (2021). The defence performance measurement framework: measuring the performance of defence organisations at the strategic level. Defence Studies, 99-122 https://doi.org/10.1080/14702436.2021.1994394

Search via ReFindit


Stiglitz, J. E. (1997). Economics of the Public Sector. Praha: Grada Publishing

Search via ReFindit


Zůna, P., & Pikner, I. et al. (2013). Obranné plánovaní v rezortu obrany (Současné přístupy k obrannému plánovaní). Brno: Universita of Defence

Search via ReFindit